Administrator extorts 5,000 Kyat from Pu Law villagers for travel authorization

December 13, 2022

HURFOM: Since the beginning of December, 2022, the Administrator of Pu Law Township, Myeik District, Tenasserim Division has required all passengers or travelers to show their recommendation letter (travel authorization) at check-points.   Any one who has failed to show the letter will not be allowed to pass the gate and travel, report local sources.

Previously, villagers had to pay only 1,000 Kyat for a recommendation letter but after releasing the order, the Administrator is extorting 5,000 Kyat per recommendation letter.

Read more

Weekly Overview: Human Rights Situation in Mon State, Karen State, and Tanintharyi Region

December 12, 2022

Second Week of December 2022

HURFOM: The brutality and scaled-up attacks by the junta across the last week in Southeastern Burma are evidence of the regime’s devastatingly rampant impunity. On Human Rights Day, marked on 10 December, the Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM) issued a statement daring to ask how many more bullets would need to be fired before the international community awoke to the injustices being perpetrated daily against innocent civilians. HURFOM continues to condemn the ongoing attacks and emphasizes our calls for swift action and accountability. People’s lives are quite literally on the line.

Read more

Statement: On Human Rights Day, HURFOM Condemns Ongoing Attacks by the Junta in Southeastern Burma

December 10, 2022

Blatant Disregard for Human Rights in Burma by the Junta Demands an Urgent,
and Coordinated Response by the International Community

On this International Human Rights Day, commemorated on 10 December, the Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM) calls for immediate support for victims of the Burma Army’s ongoing attacks. This year’s international theme for Human Rights Day is ‘freedom, justice and dignity.’ In Southeastern Burma, particularly in Mon State, Karen State and Tanintharyi region, HURFOM has documented the unlawful arrest and detainment of over 3000 people, at least 642 injured and 191 killed by the military junta since the attempted coup on 1 February 2021. They are being denied all meaningful pathways which would ensure their freedom and access to justice in a dignified manner. [Statement in PDF Format]
The people of Burma had continued to suffer immensely in the nearly two years since the leaders of the military made a deliberate, coordinated decision to pursue power rather than support the democratic process. The human rights situation across Burma is in decay. The rule of law no longer exists under reasonable means. Consequently, hundreds of political prisoners face unjust sentences, including executions. A lack of access to health or education and increased surveillance has only amplified resistance to the Burma Army. No one is safe under the guise of the military.
Despite overwhelming evidence of the widespread atrocities committed by the Burma Army, including those amounting to war crimes and crimes against humanity, the international community has been slow to respond. The Independent Investigative Mechanism for Myanmar (IIMM) alone has collected more than three-million pieces of information from at least 200 sources since its inception, which began three years ago.
HURFOM is among the dozens of civil society organizations documenting the military junta’s widespread and systematic assaults. And yet, for so many, there remains a complete lack of reparations for the horrors perpetrated against them. Survival in the current reality in Burma has become a desolate, lonely, and profoundly traumatizing experience.
Theft, extortion, arbitrary arrest, and murder are among the human rights violations on the rise in Burma. Armed with weapons and orders of ‘shoot to kill,’ civilians are left with little choice when facing soldiers who are demanding their possessions. Fear of the certainty that their lives will end if confronted by Burma Army soldiers, thousands have fled their villages and dare not return. The humanitarian crisis in Burma is worsening daily as hundreds of thousands are left without access to food, medicine, water, and shelter. For the most vulnerable, their lives face unmatched perils.
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) acknowledges the inherent right to a dignified life that every citizen is granted without objection. And yet, in Burma, the rights enshrined in the UDHR are nowhere to be found. The backsliding of human rights is evident in the lack of protection and reliable justice pathways available.
HURFOM reinforces our calls for an arms embargo and aviation fuel sanctions to end the targeted air and ground strikes that intentionally seek to kill the civilian population. A referral of the Burma Army must urgently be made to the International Criminal Court. The junta has done nothing to warrant legitimacy, and as such, global actors must denounce their affiliations and work with the National Unity Government to help restore democracy in Burma. Further, the ​​Association of Southeast Asian Nations must hold a firm line with the junta and keep them to account.
The resistance on the ground is admirable. Women and men of all ages have responded to the junta’s brutality with fierce opposition and determination. But the bullets fired from the Burma Army’s guns do not discriminate. A weapon has only one objective; to kill. How many more innocent lives lost will it take before the world responds to the human rights situation in Burma?

Media Contact
Nai Aue Mon, HURFOM Program Director
Signal: +66 86 167 9741

HURFOM was founded by exiled pro-democracy students from the 1988 uprisings, recent activists and Mon community leaders and youth. Its primary objective is the restoration of democracy, human rights and genuine peace in Burma. HURFOM is a non-profit organization, and all its members are volunteers with a shared vision for peace in the country. 

Frequent armed clashes worry Ye residents

December 8, 2022

HURFOM: Most villages in Northern Ye Township, Mon State experience the sound of  gunshots nearly every night, creating stress and worry for residents.

At the moment, we’ve routinely hear gunshots near our village. Villagers are afraid. The local People’s Defense Forces (PDF) announced they would accelerate their attacks on the military junta. So the villagers are worried about an armed clash. We have to be cautious with our daily activities and work,said a villager from Northern Ye Township.

Read more

Villagers flee as military tension grows in Kyarinnseikyi

December 6, 2022

HURFOM: The  Burmese military is reinforcing and mobilizing their troops to launch an attack on an area controlled by Brigade #6 of the Karen National Liberation Army (KNLA) located in Kyarinnseikyi Township, Karen State.

Villagers are worried about the potential for an armed clash and are fleeing their homes, report local residents.

Read more

Weekly Overview: Human Rights Situation in Mon State, Karen State, and Tanintharyi Region

December 5, 2022

First Week of December 2022


By the end of November 2022, the number of those arrested, detained, killed, and injured only continued to increase. Since the Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM) began documenting the atrocities being perpetrated by the junta following the attempted coup, thousands have faced unjust sentences and civilian life under the regime has only deteriorated further. Safety and security concerns are rising across Southeastern Burma, where the Burma Army has used excessive force to strip communities of their homes, livelihoods, and possessions. Their endless pursuit of power comes at the cost of humanity as over one million people are displaced throughout the country.

Read more

Rumors of another attack on police station cause worry

December 2, 2022

HURFOM: A week after the Taung Kalay Police Station, Kyaikmayaw Township, Mon State was attacked, occupied and destroyed by the Karen National Liberation Army (KNLA) and the People’s Defense Force (PDF), a rumor is now circulating that another attack may occur. This time the target  could be the Kyaikmayaw Township Police Station.

We’ve started hearing the rumor on November 23. After that, we dare not go to our plantation. The rubber plantation workers witnessed aircraft flying in the sky. We don’t even go outside after 8 pm, said a villager from Mya Gone village which is located near the Kyaikmayaw Township Police Station.

Read more

Monthly Overview:
Human Rights Situation in Mon State, Karen State, and Tanintharyi Region | November 2022

December 1, 2022

Destruction of Property Rampant in Southeastern Burma, Ongoing Offensives Undermine Civilian Safety and Security

With 2022 coming to an end, Burma’s human rights landscape remains fractured due to the Burma Army’s constant attacks. The targeting of the civilian population has been deliberate. Patterns of their systematic and widespread atrocities are evident through airstrikes and ground attacks intentionally deployed in areas without active conflict. Their acts are part of a broader strategy by the junta to replace the support of the opposition movement with fear.

Report in Eng | Burmese

However, even nearly two years after the attempted coup, the power of the people remains unstoppable. Protests are ongoing and calls for the immediate dismantling and delegitimizing of the junta have not slowed. The bravery of human rights defenders persists even amidst moments of great uncertainty. Decades of military rule and economic turmoil have left Burma in shambles as a new generation refuses to allow a new generation to inherit the junta’s devastating policies and failure to adhere to basic human rights norms and principles.

Throughout November, the Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM) observed an increase in the number of homes the Burma Army deliberately destroyed. Extortion of local possessions and houses is being done systematically across the country. Junta forces threatened to burn villagers’ homes and launch airstrikes following any attack that injured or killed their soldiers. The junta routinely attacks villages near mix-controlled areas in Thanbyuzayat Township, Mon State. These villages are controlled by the Karen National Union (KNU) and the junta.

Read more

Construction of Mon National College begins in December

November 28, 2022

HURFOM: December 26, 2022 is the golden jubilee of the Mon National Education Committee (MNEC) and the date will coincide with the ground breaking construction of the Mon National College.

The college will be located  in the  Nyi Sar Region which is controlled by the New Mon State Party (NMSP). 

“The learning process must continue. It’s good to finish construction as quick as

Read more

Weekly Overview: Human Rights Situation in Mon State, Karen State, and Tanintharyi Region
Fourth Week of November 2022

November 28, 2022

HURFOM: During the last week of November 2022 in Southeastern Burma, civilians were met with more devastation, fear and havoc by the military junta. The Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM) has continued to document human rights violations in Mon State, Karen State and the Tanintharyi region. Civilians are being increasingly targeted as the Burma Army acts with no moral consciousness or concept of consequences. Soldiers lack humanity and an understanding of basic human rights norms, laws, and principles. Consequently, civilians are forced to face brutal assaults. Women, children, and the elderly are not sparred, nor are sacred sites such as religious places of worship (monasteries, churches, etc.).

On November 19, beginning at 5 AM, an estimated 120 junta soldiers from the Costal Regiment Command, based along the Dawei to Htee-Khee highway motorway, indiscriminately fired several mortar shells at the village located beside the highway. Due to these cruel armed attacks launched by the Junta forces, at least two villagers were injured, and more than ten houses were destroyed, according to sources on the ground.

Hundreds of villagers from three villages located in the areas, such as the village from Thingan-Ton, Wa Kone, and Leik-Kyae-Pyaung, were forced to flee the artillery attacks. Villagers said that in Wakone, the Burma Army ransacked the road with artillery weapons and occupied the areas.

One villager described the scene as ‘bullets falling like rainfall.” They continued, “It seems like the junta troops attempted to fire everywhere because they believed that the soldiers of the People’s Defense Forces were located in our villages.” Two young men, Myo Nyunt and Ko Myo, working on betel nut plantations near Wakone village, were hit by artillery shells and injured in their backs and neck. 

A resident from Leik-Kyae-Pyaung village said that the junta forces opened fire with heavy weapons, entered their village, broke the ownerless houses, raided at least ten places, and stole food and clothes. Only two weeks ago, more than 30 houses in Wakone village were broken down, and their belongings and materials were stolen.

Young people are being subjected to ongoing arrests, and unlawful detainment as the Burma Army carries out its campaign of fear and terror. Since November 19, eight youths have been abducted in a series of raids and search operations of suspected organizers of the ongoing silence strikes by the junta forces in Dawei District.

Family members of those arrested complained that because they captured the suspects without specific information, irrelevant people were affected. On November 20, Ma Khin Lay Nwe, a young woman, age 26, was arrested by the military intelligence and police forces. Her family maintains her innocence, saying she has opened a beauty shop in her home. A witness, age 30, told HURFOM in light of all the arrests, he suspects the military has not been successful in finding those responsible for planning and organizing the silence strikes. HURFOM confirmed that those who were forcibly arrested are still being detained at the Long Lon police station. Families believed these young detainees were tortured by the polices and jail authorities while interrogated.

The junta has also not hesitated to shoot with intent to kill. On 20 November, around 2 PM in Long Lon township, the Burma Army was inspecting pedestrians in front of the Public Hospital in Long Lon, when they opened fire on two young men on a motorcycle. One of them was seriously injured in his back. The other was caught and arrested. In that incident, the junta forces shot at two other innocent teenagers walking on the road. The two victims are siblings from Tha-byar Village; residents stated that 15-year-old Maung Wei Yan Aung died from a gunshot wound at the hospital.

 These attacks are further evidence of the impunity of the military junta.

« Previous PageNext Page »