Junta pressures parents to register for university studies

May 4, 2022

HURFOM: On April 20, 2022, the Mawlamyine Technology University announced that students must register for their courses on May 2, 2022.

The University authorities, under the direction of the junta, have sent letters to the parents of their students.  The letters  state the university will open on May 12, 2022 and urges parents to register their children.

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Pregnant woman killed during armed clash in Ye Township

May 3, 2022

HURFOM: At approximately 4 pm on April 27, 2022, an armed clash involving the People Defense Force (PDF) and the local military took place between San Pya and Hnin Zone villages, in Ye Township, Mon State.  A pregnant woman was killed during the incident.

The woman who was shot during the armed clash had been visiting her family. She had been hiding during the protracted fighting, and at one point felt thirsty and went to a (nearby) hut for water. That is when she was shot in the head.  She died at the scene and no one dared to pick her body up, said a local source.

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Weekly Update in HURFOM Targeted Areas [Week One: May 2022]

May 2, 2022

HURFOM: A weekly update by the Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM) on the situation on the ground. Summary data includes Mon State, Karen State and Tanintharyi region.


In the many months which have passed since the Burma Army attempted to seize power through their failed coup, the people continue to suffer the most. In HURFOM target areas, field workers have reported rising cases of arbitrary arrest and detainment of prominent activists and rights defenders. Innocent villagers caught in the crossfire of violence have lost their lives to indiscriminate firing and shelling, as well as air and ground strikes that are unrelenting.

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Thousands flee their homes as military targets villages with heavy weapons

April 26, 2022

HURFOM: Tensions between the Burmese army and the Karen National Liberation Army (KNLA) are growing near Kale Tagon Tie village, Kyarinnseikyi Township, Karen State.

The Burmese army has been using heavy weapons targeting villages in the area.  To date at least one person has been killed and two injured. Residents from nearby villages have fled the area, report local sources.

I didn’t know where the heavy weapons came from but the explosions were really big. A woman died and her two friends got injured. Villagers are frightened to remain, so they fled to Taung Dee and Phar Pya, said a villager from Kale Tagon Tie.

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Weekly Update in HURFOM Targeted Areas [Week Four: April 2022]

April 25, 2022

HURFOM: A weekly update by the Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM) on the situation on the ground. Summary data includes Mon State, Karen State and Tanintharyi region. Between 900 and 1200 #IDPs were forced to flee their homes across all target areas in the last week as junta violence wreaked terror.

Full Analysis:

The worsening military offensives in HURFOM target areas claimed more lives over the last week. On April 22, at 7:30PM, an innocent villager, Ko Sai Maung was shot dead by junta soldiers in a military truck. His body was taken away by the junta soldiers, according to local witnesses. He was murdered in Yan Taung village, Thayet Chaung Township. One truck stopped and parked at the Yan Taung village monastery. The other two military trucks went outside the village and parked outside. They shot and killed Sai Maung and then put his body on the truck, recalled a village witness to HURFOM. A Karen fieldworker commenting on the situation noted that the junta’s continued and illegal use of the ‘4 cuts’ strategy continues to isolate, target and terrorize innocent civilians: “They must end these systematic attacks on our people.”

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An armed group led by Nai Chan’s Ramanya Army extorting villagers in Southern Ye

April 24, 2022

HURFOM: An armed group led by an individual known as Nai Chan, and the  “Ramanya Army” is active in Southern Ye Township, of Mon State.  This group has been extorting money from villagers in a number of townships including Southern Ye Township, Mon State and Yebyu Township located in the  Tenasserim Division.

On April 7, the armed group sent letters to the Ham Gam village Administrator and to the Kaw Hline Abbot in Southern Ye Township demanding millions of Kyat. The group stated the money must be paid within seven days.  Contact details for the leader and the deputy leader were included in the letters.

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Military Council claims state supported electricity for Ye Township is coming: Locals don’t believe it.

April 22, 2022

HURFOM: The Ye Military Council and the Mon State military council have both stated at numerous public consultation meetings held in the township,  that people would soon have access to the State supported electricity grid. However, local people have little trust in these statements.

Even the (previous) democratic government said Ye would have State sponsored electricity. Now, the military council says they are starting to work on it. But Mawlamyine, Mudon and Thanbyuzayat haven’t had enough electricity.  So simply saying “Ye will have State sponsored electricity soon” is just “pouring honey into the people’s ear”. Practically speaking it is impossible, said a local source who is close to the Ye Military Council.

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Covid, the military coup, and economic hardship sees rise in child labour

April 22, 2022

HURFOM: Due to the global pandemic and the military coup, Burma has had to close schools for  nearly two years.  The result has been a rise in the drop out rates.  Not unrelated, there has also been an increase in the number of cases of child labour.

Economic hardships on families has led to children leaving their homes at an early age to work on rubber plantations, plywood factories, restaurants, tea shops and grocery stores.

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Junta control on foreign currency leading to Burma running out of gasoline

April 20, 2022

HURFOM: The military junta has controlled the trade of US dollars resulting in significant impacts on importation of gasoline. Gasoline imports have currently halted. Critics point out that Burma is running out of gasoline.

In Mon State the fuel shortages have forced gasoline stations in Mawlamyine to sell only within limited times. 

We can’t sell gasoline for the whole day. We’ll operate the shop only from 6 am to 11 am. The sale amount will depend on the quota of gasoline available. When we get the usual quota of gasoline, we’ll run our shop normally, said an official from one station in Mawlamyine.

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Armed group demands 70 million Kyat from two villages in Southern Ye

April 19, 2022

HURFOM: An armed group known as “Rehmonnya Army” led by an individual known as Nai Chan,  has demanded 70 million Kyat from Ham Gam and Kaw Hline villages, located in Southern Ye Township, Mon State.

The armed group entered Ham Gam on April 12, 2022 and occupied the village Administration office. They exploded a bomb, tore down the office flag pole and stomped on the Burmese flag. 

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