Monthly Overview of Violations in HURFOM Target Areas (September, 2021)

October 1, 2021

HURFOM: In September, the number of those arrested + detained in Mon State, Karen State & Dawei increased against the backdrop of systematic human rights violations, including #VAWG. Economic burdens and #COVID19 threaten local livelihoods. Sept overview in full: http://ow.ly/Nof050GjSkg

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Security forces kill villager in Ye Township

September 30, 2021

HURFOM: On September 28, 2021, a villager was killed by security forces at about 7pm at the Ye-Chaung Taung checkpoint in Ye Township, Mon State. The security forces said the villager refused to be checked and ran away,  so they shot him.

The victim, a 27-year-old male, named Ye Naing Oo lived in Ward #2, Khaw Zar Town, Ye Township.  He had just returned from Thailand and was unaware of the new rules.

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The Human Rights Foundation of Monalnd Condemns Ongoing Injustices Against Women in Burma

September 29, 2021

For decades, the Burmese Army has evaded accountability for state-sponsored crimes perpetrated against civilians. Among their most brutal strategies is the ongoing oppression of women and young girls. Since the attempted coup on 1 February, cases of violence and arbitrary arrests against women have been increasing. The Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM) condemns in the strongest terms the gendered attacks taking place, and calls for an immediate end to military impunity, which has denied victims and their families justice and reparations.

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Weekly update on situation in Karen, Mon & Dawei since the coup (Fourth Week of September 2021)

September 27, 2021

HURFOM: Over the last week, HURFOM has observed women and young in particular are being increasingly targeted for their anti-coup activities. Ma Nilar Aye, a local human rights activist, and her 60-year-old mother were abducted at midnight by Junta Navy command in Ohn Pin Kwin Village, Yebyu, Dawei Region on 24 September. Friends and family who have tried to contact them say they fear they have ‘disappeared’: “At first, we thought they were detained at Kanbauk Police Station. But they are not there, which means they are missing. Our prayers are with her.”

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Security tightened as new armed groups emerge in Mon State

September 27, 2021

HURFOM: A number of new armed groups have attacked the military council and its bureaucracy

over the  past few months in Mon State.  In response the military council has tightened its security efforts.

The new armed groups include the  Mon People’s Defense Force (MPDF), the Ye People’s Defense Force (YPDF), the Mon State Defense Force (MSDF) and a Ye Special Task Force (YSTF).  Each of these armed groups is new, and targeting their attacks on the military council and some of their business operations.

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Villagers in Southern Ye extorted for 20 million Kyat

September 21, 2021

HURFOM: Villagers from Kyone Nyae village, Southern Ye, Mon State were extorted for approximately 20 million Kyat by an unknown Mon armed group, earlier this week, reported. 

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People in the NMSP controlled area receive first vaccinations

September 21, 2021

HURFOM: In the second and third weeks of September, 2021, members and soldiers of the New Mon State Party (NMSP) and their family members, monks, and charity workers, staff of the various departments of the NMSP and villagers in the NMSP controlled area received  vaccinations for Covid-19.

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Junta to organize local militia to serve as reserve military force

September 21, 2021

HURFOM: The military junta has been in a security crisis since the coup, and  now are making plans to reinforce their ranks with local militia groups.

The military has been negotiating with village/ward administrators to upgrade local militia groups. Last month the junta attempted to persuade people to join local militia, but no one was willing to join. This led to a second attempt to pressure village Administrators to aid with recruitment efforts.

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Weekly update on situation in Karen, Mon & Dawei since the coup: (Third Week of September 2021)

September 20, 2021

HURFOM:

Tensions in HURFOM target areas are growing. The escalation of violence by the junta, combined with their exertion of control by intimidating and threatening civilians has isolated communities. The threats to everyday safety are growing exponentially. Young people in particular are at risk.

Maung Yin Min Khant, a 16-year-old boy living in Kadat Nge Htein Village in Loung lone Township in Tanintharyi Region, was shot to death by the junta security forces, who set up a camp at the village monastery, on the evening of September 17th. The targeting has forced many into hiding, but even then, their safety cannot be guaranteed. Two young civilians were abducted by junta Security Forces from their hiding places in Hpa-an this week. According to a witness, the two were affiliated with the Civil Disobedience Movement from a government department and had been in hiding since May. The soldiers and police brought them from Ward #6 to Taung Kalay prison. On September 17 at 1 PM, Ma Cho Cho Phyo, a 3rd-year student from Dawei University was arrested according to Dawei Students Union. The junta and security forces came to her house in Akani Village, Yebyu Township to arrest her brother. But he already escaped. The troops abducted her instead. Six students have been abducted, including a tutor from Dawei University, within this week, according to Dawei University students’ Union. The junta also abducted five youth from Shwe Myaing Thiri ward, Mawlamyine, Mon State on September 18th. The reason for the arrest remains unknown.

The recent armed conflicts between the Junta Forces and PDF created approximately 1,200 IDPs in Tanintharyi Region. Residents have been forced to flee from Kyae-Zu-Daw, Sar-Khae, and Pane-Nae-Taung villages since last month. According to a source who works for a food aid group in Dawei Region, most of them are still terrified to return home: “In some areas, like eastern Palaw Township, people have started to face starvation,” said a source. “We heard that some aid groups are trying to reach out to us to help, but the Burma Tatmadaw battalions are blocking them,” a Karen National Union member said.

Locals fear returning home because the tactics by the Burmese Army, which include arresting and conscripting villagers are prevalent as military tensions increase in Mon State. HURFOM has documented dozens of cases of civilians being arbitrarily detained and taken to unknown locations. According to residents, the military has occupied more and more troops in most wards and quarters in Hpa-an, Karen State as more troops are deployed with armed ex-military servants and militia forces in nearly every quarter in town, one local source said: “The Karen State Junta Administrators said they want to provide ‘Security’ for residents. However, we feel more unsafe living with them. the more they are deploying in the areas, the more chance of human rights abuses will occur,” A 38-year-old ethnic Karen from Hpa-an expressed.

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Locals face tougher livelihood as electricity fees on the rise

September 17, 2021

HURFOM: The political crisis and COVID-19 has resulted in many people losing their jobs and being left with no income. At the same time, commodity prices have been rising on a near daily basis. For those at the bottom rungs of the economy life has become harsh.

People in Ye who do not have access to electricity provided by the State,  have to buy it from private companies at a high price. As of September,  these companies have decided to increase their fees.

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