Weekly Overview: Human Rights Situation in Mon State, Karen State, and Tanintharyi Region
Third Week of September 2022

September 19, 2022

HURFOM: A weekly update by the Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM) on the situation on the ground. Summary data includes Mon State, Karen State, and Tanintharyi region.

There are many challenges that civilians in Southeastern Burma are facing amid worsening military junta offensives. Those unlawfully detained are being forced to pay bribes as the economy continues to unravel. Inflation has made the cost of living nearly impossible for some households. And yet – the junta is demanding large sums for the release of innocent civilians. Over the last week, the Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM) documented four cases of the junta demanding ransoms to free family members in Ye, Mon State. The situation is at a crossroads and is showing no signs of improving.

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Military council pressures schools to open despite security concerns

September 16, 2022

HURFOM: Since April, 2022, the Burmese army and the Karen National Liberation Army (KNLA) have frequently engaged in armed clashes in the Kha Lae – Da Gon Die area of Kyarinnseikyi Township, Karen State.

Approximately ten government schools in nearby villages have been closed due to the fighting.

Despite the fact that armed clashes are on-going, the military council is pressuring the village authorities and school officials to open government schools in Nan Tie Tun, Pha Yar Ngar Zu and Daung De village of Kha Lae – Da Gon Die area.

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Eastern Ye Township villagers worry their homes will become a battlefield

September 15, 2022

HURFOM: The region of eastern Ye is a militarily complex territory where the New Mon State Party (NMSP), the KUN and the local PDF are active.

The Burmese military comes to our village. The Mon and the Karen army also come here. Then, the PDF are active around here too. If the Burmese army launches a military operation, there will be an armed clash. The villages become battlefields and we have to flee, said a Kine Taw villager.

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Sharply increased electricity fee burdens Ye villagers

September 13, 2022

HURFOM The private sector electricity provider known as the Southern Myanmar Development (SMD) Company, has dramatically raised their prices.

In Northern Ye Township, Mon State, the SMD electricity fee for August jumped to 1,500 Kyat per kWh and each household was also charged an additional  7,500 Kyat for street lighting.

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Fear grows as armed groups conduct military activities near more villages

September 12, 2022

HURFOM: Since September, 2022, the Burmese army, the Karen National Union (KNU) and the local People Defense Force (PDF) have been active in the  Wae Kha Mi, Sa Khan Kyi, Ka Lie Ba Daw, Aye Kabar, and Wel Tob villages, as well as the nearby U Khway and Daw Yane recently established villages, located in  Thanbyuzayat Township, Mon State

The situation has led villagers to be worried about their livelihood and safety, according to multiple sources.

These villages are controlled by both the Burmese army and the KNU and increasingly the PDF has become active around the villages.

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Weekly Overview: Human Rights Situation in Mon State, Karen State, and Tanintharyi Region
Second Week of September 2022

September 12, 2022

A weekly update by the Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM) on the situation on the ground. Summary data includes Mon State, Karen State and Tanintharyi region.

Excessive violence across the second week of September 2022 in Southeastern Burma saw dozens more victims subject to the junta’s brutal violence, and draconian polices which have seen hundreds behind prison bars for crimes they are not guilty of. The junta-backed court imposed orders on about (42) political prisoners in Dawei Prison over the last six months, according to the sources from Dawei Political Prisoners Network. About 30 are still facing trial. Most of those imprisoned in Dawei have been charged under section 505 A and B of the Panel Code.

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Military and police show disinterest in responding to rising number of robberies

September 11, 2022

HURFOM: More than a year after the coup, the number of robberies has been increasing in all ten townships of Mon State.

According to local people, the military and police have shown no interest in taking action against these  criminal activities.  The authorities have demonstrated little intention to investigate or even respond  to criminal reports filed by residents, leaving many to suffer in silence over their losses.

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Night searches by military frightens villagers

September 8, 2022

HURFOM: A group of approxiamtely 30 members of a local militia group, including members of the village Administration have been conducting night searches in Ka Mar Mole village, in the Chaung Zone Township, of Mon State.

Villagers are worried about their safety when these night searches take place, leading to increased anxiety and discomfort in the village.

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Families of soldiers on front lines exploited by senior military officials

September 6, 2022

HURFOM: According to sources close to the military, families of lower ranked soldiers, i.e. private class who are  based in Mawlamyine, or who are serving on the front lines, are being exploited by upper military officials.

The primary way this takes place is through loans attached with high interest rates, according to one source. 

Family members of soldiers are dependent on the military salaries, which are not sufficient to cover the rising costs of basic commodities. Family members then have to borrow money from senior military officials who are charging high interest rates.

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Weekly Overview: Human Rights Situation in Mon State, Karen State, and Tanintharyi Region
First Week of September 2022

September 5, 2022

HURFOM: A weekly update by the Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM) on the situation on the ground. Summary data includes Mon State, Karen State and Tanintharyi region.

Analysis
As the end of August 2022 came to an end, the Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM) was alarmed by several new human rights trends in Southeastern Burma. Among them, there has been a notable increase in children being targeted by the military junta. They’ve been deprived of their basic needs including medical attention, food, education, and the right to live safely. As a result, the numbers of displaced children who are suffering from malnutrition are worrisome. 

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